What is TMJ?
The letters TMJ represent the Temporo-Mandibular Joint. The mandible, or jaw bone, articulates with the side of the skull via the temporal bone. There is a fluid filled capsule and a small disc within each jaw joint, similar to the knee. Just like any joint the TMJ can be susceptible to fracture, muscle strain, ligament, and cartilage damage.
The TMJ can become inflamed during generalised inflammatory conditions, like rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, or affected by degenerative wear and tear (osteoarthritis). Children, young adults and older people can all be affected by TMJ dysfunction. Sometimes there is a cause, like an injury or following a dental procedure, and sometimes it seems to come on for no apparent reason. The neuro-musculo-skeletal evaluation of a musculoskeletal physiotherapist is designed to unravel these links, pin-point the source of the problem and free you from pain and clicking.
We are happy to investigate any of the following problems at Buderim Advanced Physio, to determine their source and whether they are likely to respond to treatment:
- Jaw pain
- Jaw clicking, crunching, grating, popping, locking
- Problems opening or closing the mouth
- Dislocating jaw
- Bruxism/tooth clenching or grinding
- Persistent toothache – though the dentist says the tooth is fine
- Pain in the face
- Trigeminal Neuralgia and Bell’s Palsy
- Pain behind the eyes
- Migraine and Cluster Headache
- Neck pain, stiffness and limited neck movement
- Dizziness and Vertigo
- Earache – even though no ear problem can be found
- Ear clogging, popping, stuffiness, itching
- Tinnitus – ringing, buzzing, roaring or insect sounds in the ear
- Difficulty swallowing, speaking, sore throat, frequent coughing or clearing the throat
- Difficulty keeping mouth open for dental work
- Sinus pain
Dizziness and vertigo affect one in three people over 65 years old. Half of these people experience vertigo from a treatable inner ear condition called BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo).